GOAL 10: Reduce inequalities
Objective: Reduce inequality within and among countries
Why it matters: Income inequality is on the rise, with the richest 10% earning up to 40% of total global income. The poorest 10% earn only between 2% and 7% of total global income. At the current rate of progress, the World Economic Forum says it will take 217 years to close the gender gap in employment opportunities and pay.
By 2030, progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40% of the population at a rate higher than the national average.
By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status.
Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and action in this regard.
Adopt policies, especially fiscal, wage and social protection policies, and progressively achieve greater equality.
Improve the regulation and monitoring of global financial markets and institutions and strengthen the implementation of such regulations.
Ensure enhanced representation and voice for developing countries in decision-making in global international economic and financial institutions in order to deliver more effective, credible, accountable and legitimate institutions.
Facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, including through the implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies.
Implement the principle of special and differential treatment for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, in accordance with World Trade Organisation agreements.
Encourage official development assistance and financial flows, including foreign direct investment, to States where the need is greatest, in particular least developed countries, African countries, small island developing States and landlocked developing countries, in accordance with their national plans and programmes.
By 2030, reduce to less than 3% the transaction costs of migrant remittances and eliminate remittance corridors with costs higher than 5%.
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